A BRIEF LOOK AT GENERAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION IN NIGERIA
The main aim of this study is investigating environmental education (EE) in Nigerian context. However, to provide the reader better understanding of EE, some fundamental information about the general education system in Nigeria was included. Keeping these aims in mind, the subjects covering schooling system, higher education, etc were given place within the study.
As for the EE in Nigeria, the issues covering the need for EE in Nigeria, the national and international forces affecting the EE in Nigeria, the place of EE in teaching programs, laws and Institutions concerning the environment, and EE in early ages etc.
At the end of the study, some recommendations were provided to contribute to improvement consciousness among Nigerian primary and secondary students and to development of the quality of general education system in Nigeria. In this section especially the effect of educational politics, planning in EE, parents’ role, EE in non-formal education, and the importance of access to the sound information regarding EE were underlined.
Keywords: General education, environmental education, Nigeria, primary and secondary education.
Çalışmanın temel amacı, Nijerya’da çevre eğitiminin ele alınmasıdır. Bununla birlikte konunun daha iyi anlaşılması amacıyla ve çevre eğitiminin genel eğitimin bir parçası olması nedeniyle Nijerya’da genel eğitim sistemi ile ilgili bilgiler de sunulmuştur. Bu amaca yönelik olarak çalışma sürecinde Nijerya’da okul sistemi, yüksek öğretim gibi konulara da yer verilmiştir.
Nijerya’da çevre eğitimi konusunda ise, Nijerya’da çevre eğitimine olan ihtiyaç, çevre eğitimini etkileyen ulusal ve uluslar arası faktörler, öğretim programlarında çevre eğitimi, çevre eğitimini ilgilendiren kanun ve kurumlar ve erken yaşlarda çevre eğitimi gibi konular ele alınmıştır.
Çalışmanın sonuç ve öneriler bölümünde ise Nijerya’da ilk ve ortaöğretim öğrencilerinin çevre bilincinin geliştirilmesine katkıda bulunmak ve yine Nijerya’da genel eğitimin problemlerinin çözümü adına bir takım öneriler getirilmiştir. Getirilen bu çözüm ve önerileri genel itibariyle eğitim politikaları, çevre eğitimi ile ilgili planlamalar, velilerin rolü, çevre eğitiminde yaygın eğitimin rolü ve çevre eğitimi ile ilgili doğru bilgilere ulaşılması gibi çeşitli meseleler üzerinde yoğunlaşmaktadır.
Anahtar kelimeler: Genel eğitim, çevre eğitimi, Nijerya, ilk ve ortaöğretim.
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