A BRIEF LOOK AT GENERAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION IN NIGERIA
The main aim of this study is investigating environmental education (EE) in Nigerian context. However, to provide the reader better understanding of EE, some fundamental information about the general education system in Nigeria was included. Keeping these aims in mind, the subjects covering schooling system, higher education, etc were given place within the study.
As for the EE in Nigeria, the issues covering the need for EE in Nigeria, the national and international forces affecting the EE in Nigeria, the place of EE in teaching programs, laws and Institutions concerning the environment, and EE in early ages etc.
At the end of the study, some recommendations were provided to contribute to improvement consciousness among Nigerian primary and secondary students and to development of the quality of general education system in Nigeria. In this section especially the effect of educational politics, planning in EE, parents’ role, EE in non-formal education, and the importance of access to the sound information regarding EE were underlined.
Keywords: General education, environmental education, Nigeria, primary and secondary education.
Çalışmanın temel amacı, Nijerya’da çevre eğitiminin ele alınmasıdır. Bununla birlikte konunun daha iyi anlaşılması amacıyla ve çevre eğitiminin genel eğitimin bir parçası olması nedeniyle Nijerya’da genel eğitim sistemi ile ilgili bilgiler de sunulmuştur. Bu amaca yönelik olarak çalışma sürecinde Nijerya’da okul sistemi, yüksek öğretim gibi konulara da yer verilmiştir.
Nijerya’da çevre eğitimi konusunda ise, Nijerya’da çevre eğitimine olan ihtiyaç, çevre eğitimini etkileyen ulusal ve uluslar arası faktörler, öğretim programlarında çevre eğitimi, çevre eğitimini ilgilendiren kanun ve kurumlar ve erken yaşlarda çevre eğitimi gibi konular ele alınmıştır.
Çalışmanın sonuç ve öneriler bölümünde ise Nijerya’da ilk ve ortaöğretim öğrencilerinin çevre bilincinin geliştirilmesine katkıda bulunmak ve yine Nijerya’da genel eğitimin problemlerinin çözümü adına bir takım öneriler getirilmiştir. Getirilen bu çözüm ve önerileri genel itibariyle eğitim politikaları, çevre eğitimi ile ilgili planlamalar, velilerin rolü, çevre eğitiminde yaygın eğitimin rolü ve çevre eğitimi ile ilgili doğru bilgilere ulaşılması gibi çeşitli meseleler üzerinde yoğunlaşmaktadır.
Anahtar kelimeler: Genel eğitim, çevre eğitimi, Nijerya, ilk ve ortaöğretim.
Adekunle, M.O. (2003). Relationship between the Level of Education and Environmental Awareness of Secondary School Students in Oyo Metropolis. Journal of Oyo State College of Education Oyo, 11(1), 73-79.
Agbogidi, O. M. and Ofuoku, A. U. (2007). Promoting environmental protection in Nigeria through environmental education: the role of women. Journal of Environmental Extension, 6 (1), 17Agnes, A. M. and Nor, A. M. (2011). Implementation of Environmental Education: A Case Study of Malaysian and Nigerian Secondary Schools. IPCBEE, 1(1), 326 – 327.
Aniemeka, E. O. (2013). Environmental Education, Training and Public Awareness in Nigeria: 18th APFEJ Congress of Environmental Journalists www.environmentaljournalists.org.
Barau A. S. (n.d). An appraisal of the women's level of environmental education in Kano, Nigeria. Department Of Geography Federal College Of Education, Kano, Nigeria. firstname.lastname@example.org +2348023893014
Doka, A. S. (2006). Teaching qualification as its affect the teaching and learning of Geography in some selected schools in Bichi Zonal Education Area. Unpublished project of Post graduate diploma, Kano: Federal college of education.
Hill, R. (1999). Environmental education for a sustainable future national action plan. Australia: Commonwealth press.
Jacobson, S. K., McDuff, M. D. and Monroe, M. C. (2006), Conservation education and outreach techniques: New York: Oxford University Press.
Jekayinfa, A.A. and Yusuf, A.R. (2008). Teacher’s opinions on the incorporation of environmental education in the Nigerian primary school curriculum. Education Research and Review, 3(11), 334-338.
Kneese, A.V. (1978). Environment and economics. Pp. 7.
Lawan, M. (2010). Current foundation and development in Nigeria: Mohadiz Global Link Press, Kano. Pp. 2-102.
Mansaray, A., Ajiboye, J. O. and Audu, U. F. (1998). Environmental knowledge and attitude of some Nigerian secondary school teachers. Environmental Education Research, 4(3) and National Commission for Colleges of Education. Newsletter, 1996, 4 (1), 329-339.
Mohammed, N. (2012). Gender participation in environmental management in Tofa local government area of Kano state. Implications for Sustainable Development. British Journal of Arts and Social Sciences, 9 (II), 156-167.
Moriki, N. I. (2009). To know your environment, is to know yourself. Dala Geographer Journal, 10 (1), 1-52.
Moseley, C. (2000). Teaching for environmental literacy. Clearing House, 74(1), 23-25.
Ogueri, A. C. (2004). The Need for environmental education in secondary education level in Nigeria: Problems and Challenges. International masters degree thesis on environmental policy department of environment, technology and social studies, Roskilde University: Denmark. Pp. 68-9
Olagunju, A.M. (1998). Environmental education in senior secondary school biology curriculum for improved performance, problem solving and environmental attitude. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, Department of teacher education, university of Ibadan: Ibadan.
Olofin, E. A. (2011). Lecture note on environment and development, Kano: Geography department Bayero University, Kano. Pp. 1 Oyewale, A.O. (2007). Secondary school teachers' knowledge of environmental education concept in selected local government area of Oyo State in Nigerian. Journal of Social Studies, 1 and 2(1), 85-93.
Peterson, N. (2005). Factors influencing the development of environmental sensitivity: A Model. In essential readings in environmental education, (pp 295-299). Champaign: Stipes Published L.L.C. Potter, G. (2010). Environmental education for the 21st century: Where do we go now? The Journal of Environmental Education, 4(1), 22-33.
Robinson, J. O. (2013). Environmental education and sustainable development in Nigeria: Breaking the Missing Link. International Journal of Education and Research, 1 (5), 1-6. Tuncer, M. and Erol, D. (2007). The environmental education in turkey: some views and proposals of biopolitics. http://www.biopolitics.gr/BIOPOLITICS/HTML/PUBS/VOL 4/fe-tunce.htm
Umar, N. (2009). To know your environment, is to know yourself. Dala Geographer Journal, 10 (1), 1-52.
Whiston, T.G. (2000). Environmental consciousness and the challenges and barriers to communicating environmental knowledge indicators: In quality of life, Sustainability and Environmental Challenges: Austrian research centers. Pp. 1.
Zint, M. and Higgs, A. (2008). A brief history of environmental education: Society for Conservation Biology www.conbio.org/WorkingGroups/SSWG/catalog/education.c fm.